CME Market Sentiment Meter Historical Market Analyses: Natural Gas 2014 North American Cold Wave
By Aaron He & Anish R. Verma
From late 2013 through early 2014 there were severe cold fronts across North America, during which time natural gas futures (NG) prices spiked, peaking in February of 2014. The Market Sentiment Meter (MSM) indicated Complacent and Balanced states before the cold period. As the cold wave became more severe, the MSM indicated Anxious states, which preceded an upward movement in settlement price.
During and following the price spike, the MSM indicated Balanced states. This was indicative of options traders not expecting the gas shortage would persist beyond March, in line with previous years’ supply and demand cycles.
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The CME Market Sentiment Meter (MSM) provides a daily risk–return estimate for eight products traded on CME Group exchanges: corn (C), crude oil (CL), euro/USD FX (EC), S&P 500 index e-minis (ES), gold (GC), natural gas (NG), soybeans (S), and 10-year treasury notes (TYF). The Market Sentiment Meter is computed by 1QBit using end-of-day settlement data published by CME Group. It is available as a subscription product through CME DataMine.
Periods of Anxious market states for COMEX Gold futures (GC1) tended to be either short-lived or long-lived in the eight-year period ending in December 2019.
In 2018, the U.S. saw economic growth and the Federal Reserve hiked rates four times during the year. The year was dominated primarily by Balanced market states, and GC consistently fell once the rate hikes were announced.
The year 2019 saw slowed economic growth and increased tensions with China, Iran, and Russia. This led to a large rise in GC from July to November, and GC remained at a high relative to the beginning of the year. In 2019, the Federal Reserve made three rate cuts. During this time, the Market Sentiment Meter (MSM) indicated an extended period of Anxious market states from July to November.
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